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Chinese Literature
Taixuangjing 太玄經 "The Classic of the Supreme Mystery"


The Taixuangjing 太玄經 "Classic of the supreme mystery" is a metaphysical treatise written by the mid-Han period 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE) scholar Yang Xiong 揚雄. In the collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書 it is called Taiyuanjing 太元經 in order to avoid the personal name of the Kangxi Emperor 康熙 (r. 1661-1722), Xuanye 玄燁. The meaning of xuan is "obscure" or "impenetrable", but the term also means the refined basic nature of the Daoist dao 道.
The Taixuanjing imitates the structure of the Book of Changes (Yijing 易經), one of the Confucian Classics. Accordingly, the Taixuanjing is written as a kind of prognostication or mantic book based on the philosophies of Yin-Yang and the Five Processes, and contemporary astronomical knowledge. Beyong the objective of progonistication, the Tianxuanjing designs a whole cosmic worldview. In complexity it surpasses the Yijing. While the latter has a binary worldview, the Taixuanjing has three originary realms (fang 方) in space, divided into the nive provinces (jiuzhou 九州), 27 departments (bu 部) and 81 "families" (jia 家). Concerning the aspect of time, Yang Xiong developed 81 tetragrams (shou 首), analogous to the 64 hexagrams in the Yijing. Each tetragram is described in nine commends ( 贊), corresponding to the explanations of the hexagram lines (yao 爻) in the Yijing. The Taixuanjing also includes, very consistently, a series of nine separate commentaries similar to the "wing" commentaries in the Yijing.
There is a commentary written by the Jin period 晉 (265-420) scholar Fan Wang 范望, the Taixuanjing zhu 太玄經注, which is included in the collectaneum Sibu congkan 四部叢刊. Another commentary has been written by Sima Guang 司馬光 from the Northern Song period 北宋 (960-1126), the Taixuan jizhu 太玄集注, which is included in the Sibu beiyao 四部備要.


Source: Chen Keming 陳克明 (1987). "Taixuan 太玄", in: Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhexue 哲學, vol. 2. p. 861-862. Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe.

Contents
Juan 1
1. 中 Zhong Centre
2. 周 Zhou Full circle
3. 礥(賢) Xian Mired
4. 閑 Xian Barrier
5. 少 Shao Keeping small
6. 戾 Li Contrariety
7. 上 Shang Ascen
t 8. 幹 Gan Opposition
9. {爻+疋} ({爻+守}) Shu Branching out
10. 羨 Xian Defectiveness or distortion
11. 差 Chai Divergence
12. 童 Tong Youthfulness
13. 增 Ceng Increase
14. 銳 Rui Penetration
15. 達 Da Reach
16. 交 Jiao Contact
17. 耎 Shua Holding back
18. 徯 Xi Waiting
19. 從 Cong Following
20. 進 Jin Advance
21. 釋 Shi Release
22. 格 Ge Resistance
23. 夷 Yi Ease
24. 樂 Le Joy
25. 爭 Zheng Contention
26. 務 Wu Endeavour
27. 事 Shi Duties
28. 更 Geng Change
29. 斷 Duan Decisiveness
30. 毅 Yi Bold resolution
31. 裝 Zhuang Packing
32. 衆 Zhong Legion
33. 密 Mi Closeness
34. 親 Qin Kinship
35. 斂 Lian Gathering
36. 強 Qian Strength
37. 睟 Sui Purity
38. 盛 Sheng Fullness
39. 居 Ju Residence
40. 法 Fa Law or model
41. 應 Ying Response
42. 遇 Yu Going to meet
Juan 2
43. 迎 Ying Encounters
44. 竈 Zao Stove
45. 大 Da Greatness
46. 廓 Kuo Enlargement
47. 文 Wen Pattern
48. 禮 Li Ritual
49. 逃 Tao Flight
50. 唐 Tang Vastness or wasting
51. 常 Chang Constancy
52. 度 Du Measure
53. 永 Yong Eternity
54. 昆 Kun Unity
55. 減 Xian Diminishment
56. 唫 Jin Closed mouth
57. 守 Shou Guardedness
58. 翕 Xi Gathering in
59. 聚 Ju Massing
60. 積 Ji Accumulation
61. 飾 Shi Embellishment
62. 疑 Yi Doubt
63. 視 Shi Watch
64. 沈 Chen Sinking
65. 內 Nei Inner
66. 去 Qu Departure
67. 晦 Hui Darkening
68. 瞢 Meng Dimming
69. 窮 Qiong Exhaustation
70. 割 Ge Severance
71. 止 Zhi Stoppage
72. 堅 Jian Hardness
73. 成 Cheng Completion
74. {門+致} Zhi Closure
75. 失 Shi Failure
76. 劇 Ju Aggravation
77. 馴 Xun Compliance
78. 將 Jiang On the verge
79. 難 Nan Difficulties
80. 勤 Qin Labouring
81 養 Yang Fostering
太玄衝 Taixuan chong Coincidence of the Supreme Mystery
太玄錯 Taixuan cuo Alternation of the Supreme Mystery
太玄攡(摛) Taixuan chi Arrangement of the Supreme Mystery
太玄瑩 Taixuan ying Illustration of the Supreme Mystery
太玄數 Taixuan shu Numbers of the Supreme Mystery
太玄文 Taixuan wen Symbols of the Supreme Mystery
太玄掜 Taixuan ni Comparisons of the Supreme Mystery
太玄圖 Taixuan tu Charts to the Supreme Mystery
太玄告 Taixuan gao Explanation to the Supreme Mystery
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

July 24, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail