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Chinese Literature
Quantangshi 全唐詩 "The Complete Collection of Tang Period shi Poems"

The Quantangshi 全唐詩 is a collection of all preserved shi poems 詩 from the Tang 唐 (618-907) and Five Dynasties 五代 (907-960) periods. It was compiled in the early years of the 18th century by a team led by Cao Yin 曹寅 and Peng Dingyiu 彭定求. Some of the team members were Shen Sanceng 沈三曾, Yang Zhongna 楊中訥, Pan Conglü 潘從律, Wang Shihong 汪士紘, Xu Shuben 徐樹本, Ju Dingjin 車鼎晉, Cha Sili 查嗣瑮, Wang Yi 汪繹, and Yu Mei 俞梅. The Quantangshi contains nearly 50,000 poems (including fragments) of more than 2,200 persons, arranged in 900 juan "scrolls". To each person a short biography is added.
Before this complete collection was undertaken there were mainly two collections of Tang shi poems, namely Hu Chenheng's 胡晨亨 Tangyin tongqian 唐音統籤 from the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) and Ji Zhenyi's 季振宜 Quantangshi in 717 juan. Neither of these two had been printed, but they served as the basis for the large Quantangshi, after a thorough revision of the references. Nevertheless there are still errors in the Quantangshi, like the recording of some poems written during the Southern Dynasties period (Nanchao 南朝, 420~589), or the confusion of titles containing names of persons with the name of the author (like "bidding farewell to XY" being attributed to XY).
The first printing was done by the Yangzhou poetry bureau 揚州詩局 in 120 booklets, the common modern printing is that by the Zhonghua shuju press 中華書局 from 1960 in 12 volumes. This edition is enriched by a supplement , the Quantangshi yi (Zentōshi ichi) 全唐詩逸, edited by the Japanese "He Shining" 河世寧 (Ichikawa Kansai 市川寬斎) in 3 juan (Taibei: Guangwen Press 廣文書局, 1970). In 1982 the Zhonghua shuju press published another supplement, the Quantangshi waibian 全唐詩外編, edited by Wang Zhongmin 王重民. This collection contains Wang's Bu Quantangshi 補全唐詩 (104 poems) and Dunhuang Tangren shiji canjuan 敦煌唐人詩集殘卷 with 62 poems found in Dunhuang, Sun Wang's 孫望 Quantangshi buyi 全唐詩補遺 in 20 juan (896 poems), and Tong Yangnian's 童養年 Quantangshi xu buyi 全唐詩續補遺 in 21 juan (more than 1,200 poems). Wang Zhongmin also published 52 further poems in the periodical Zhonghua wenshi luncong 中華文史論從, 1981, 4.

Zhao Shouyan 趙守儼 (1992). "Quantangshi 全唐詩", in: Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史, vol. 2, pp. 852 f. Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe.
Qian Zhonglian 錢仲聯 (1986). "Quantangshi 全唐詩", in: Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo wenxue 中國文學, vol. 1, p. 657. Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe.

Chapters of the Quantangshi
1.-4 帝王 Diwang Emperors
5.-9 后妃 Houfei [Princes and] consorts
10.-16. 郊廟音章 Jiaomiao yinzhang Temple liturgies
17.-29. 樂府 Yuefu Music bureau style poems
30.-784. Authors in chronological sequence
785.-787. 無名氏 Wumingshi Anonymous poems
788.-794. 聯句 Lianju Couplets
795.-796. 逸句 Yiju Fragments
797.-802. 名媛 Mingyuan Females
806.-851. 僧 Shi Buddhists
852.-855. 道 Dao Daoists
856.-863. 仙 Xian Immortals
864. 神 Shen Deities
865.-866. 鬼 Gui Ghosts
867. 怪 Guai Spectres
868. 夢 Meng Dreams
869.-872. 諧謔 Xiexue Comedians
873. 判 Pan Rebels
874. 歌 Ge Songs
875. 讖記 Chenji Prophecies
876. 語 Yu Talks
877. 諺謎 Yanmi Proverbs and riddles
878. 謠 Yao Popular rhymes
879. 酒令 Jiuling Toasts
880. 占辭 Zhanci Oracles
881. 蒙求 Mengqiu Primers
882.-900. Buyi 補遺 Supplement
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

July 3, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail