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Chinese Mythology - Fu Yue 傅說

Periods of Chinese History
Fu Yue 傅說 (a special reading instead of Shuo) was the counsellor (xiang 相) of King Wu Ding 武丁 of the Shang dynasty 商 (17th-11th cent. BC). According to the history Shiji 史記, King Wu Ding saw a holy person in his dream with the name of Yue 說. Altough all his ministers said that it was only a dream, Wu Ding had sent out officials in search for Yue, and they finally found him as a most humble person living in a hole. Wu Ding recognized the man from his dream and appointed him counsellor. From that time on the Shang kingdom was ruled in the best manner. Fu later became his family name. According to the book Shiyiji 拾遺記, he was able to ride on the sun and to predict the future. Tang the Perfect 成湯, the founder of the Shang, therepon invited him to the court and made him *chief minister (aheng 阿衡). In other stories it is said that his soul ascended tot he sky and formed a star.
Emperor Tai Hao is not always identified with Fu Xi. According to other legends, Tai Hao had the surname Feng 風. His officials had the designations of dragons. His residence was Chen 陳 (modern Huaiyang 淮陽, Henan), and he reigned over the lower course of the Yellow River. The families of this region with the surnames Ren 任, Su 宿, Xugou 須句 and Zhuansou 頊臾 (rather the ruling houses of these minor fiefs of the Spring and Autumn period 春秋, 770-5th cent. BCE) are said to be his descendants. Tai Hao or Fu Xi are also called Green Emperor (Qing Di 青帝 or Cang Di 蒼帝) and ruled over the East.

Sources: Li Jianping 李劍平 (ed. 1998), Zhongguo shenhua renwu cidian 中國神話人物辭典 (Xi'an: Shaanxi renmin chubanshe), p. 640. ● Yuan Ke 袁珂 (ed. 1985), Zhongguo shenhua chuanshuo cidian 中國神話傳說詞典 (Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe), p. 387.

January 23, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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