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Xiao shisanjing 小十三經

May 1, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Xiao shisanjing 小十三經 "Thirteen classics of elementary learning" is a collection of thirteen small books assembled by the Ming-period 明 (1368-1644) scholar Gu Xuanwei 顧玄緯 (mid-16th cent.), courtesy name Qijing 起經.

The collection includes texs of Confucian content, a Buddhist writings, a treatise on military tactics, a book on agriculture, several astrological texts, writings on geomancy, Daoist texts, and two books on sporting activities.

The collection is seen as a counterpart to the great Thirteen Confucian Classics, but geared to the needs of daily life. In a wider sense, it can be seen as part of the genre of elementary learning (mengxue 蒙學).

These books were printed as a series during the Jiajing reign-period 嘉靖 (1522-1566).

Table 1. The series Xiao shisanjing 小十三經
(Ming) 顧起經 Gu Qijing (comp.)
書名, length in juan Title Author(s)
忠經 一卷 Zhongjing (Han) 馬融 Ma Rong; 鄭玄 Zheng Xuan (comm.)
女孝經 一卷 Nü xiaojing (Tang) 鄭氏 Ms Zheng
佛說四十二章經 一卷 Foshuo sishier zhang jing (Han) Kāśyapa Mātaṅga (迦葉摩騰 Jiaye Moteng), Dharmarakṣa (竺法蘭 Zhu Falan); (Tang) 釋守遂 Monk Shousui (comm.)
風后握奇經 (握奇經) 一卷
(附)握奇經續圖 一卷
八陣總述 一卷
Hou Feng woji jing (Wojijing)
app. Wojijing xutu
Bazhen zongshu
(Han) 公孙弘 Gongsun Hong (comm.)

(Jin) 馬隆 Ma Long
耒耜經 一卷 Leisijing (Tang) 陸龜蒙 Lu Guimeng
丸經 一卷 Wanjing (Yuan) NN
五木經 一卷 Wumujing (Tang) 李翱 Li Ao; 元革 Yuan Ge (comm.)
胎息經 一卷 Taixijing () 幻真先生 Huanzhen xiansheng (comm.)
黄帝宅經 (宅經) 二卷 Huangdi Zhaijing (Zhaijing)
黄帝授三子玄女經 (玄女經) 一卷 Huangdi shou sanzi Xuannü jing (Xuannüjing)
青烏先生葬經 (葬書) 一卷 Qingwu xiansheng zangjing (Zangshu) (Han) 青烏先生 Qingwu xiansheng; (Jurchen-Jin) 兀欽仄 Wu Qinze (comm.)
墨經 一卷 Mojing (Song) 晁貫之 Chao Guanzhi
通占大象曆星經 (甘石星經) 二卷 Tongzhan daxiang lixing jing (Gan-Shi xingjing)
Sources:
Shanghai tushuguan 上海圖書館, ed. (1982). Zhongguo congshu zonglu 中國叢書綜錄 (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe), Vol. 1, 754.