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Jiaoping Nianfei fanglüe 剿平捻匪方略

Aug 14, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

(Qinding) Jiaoping Nianfei fanglüe (欽定)剿平捻匪方略 "(Imperially endorsed) Military annals of the extinction of the Nian bandits" is a history on the suppression of the rebellion of the so-called Nian 捻 by the Qing dynasty 清 (1644-1911). It was compiled on official order under the supervision of Prince Ihin 奕訢 (1833-1898, in the West known as Prince Gong) and is written in the style of the official military annals (fanglüe 方略). It is part of a set of histories called Pingding qisheng fanglüe 平定七省方略 "Military annals of the pacification of the seven provinces". The 320-juan long book was presented to the throne in 1872.

The Nian rebellions broke out simultaneously to the Taiping rebellion 太平 in the provinces of Anhui, Henan, Jiangsu and Shandong. It was only in 1868 that the central government reacted to the uprising, almost two decades after the Nian started their rebellion. The book covers the time from 1851 to 1869 and is composed of palace memorials and imperial edicts. These have been abridged so that for the study of the Nian rebellion, other sources like the Qingshilu 清實錄 have to be consulted. The book was printed in 1872.

Sources:
Beijing tushuguan chubanshe 北京圖書館出版社 (2010). Qingdai fanglüe quanshu 清代方略全書, Qingdai fanglüe quanshu xu 清代方略全書序.
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 921.
Xu Chuanyi 徐川一 (1995). "Qinding Jiaoping Nianfei fanglüe 欽定剿平捻匪方略", in Guo Yisheng 郭毅生, Shi Shi 史式, ed. Taiping tianguo da cidian 太平天國大辭典 (Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe), 947.
Wang Songling 王松齡, ed. (1991). Shiyong Zhongguo lishi zhishi cidian 實用中國歷史知識辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 740.
Zhongguo fanglüe congshu 中國方略叢書 (Chengwen Publishing), www.chengwen.com.tw/tc/cat/str/guo1-1.htm.