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Pingding huijiang jiaoqin niyi fanglüe 平定回疆剿擒逆裔方略

Aug 14, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

Pingding huijiang jiaoqin niyi fanglüe 平定回疆剿擒逆裔方略 "Military annals of the arrestation and extinction and the Muslim rebels of Xinjiang" is a history on the suppression of the insurrection of the Khoja Jahāngīr 張格爾 (1788-1828) by the Qing dynasty 清 (1644-1911). The book is 80-juan long and was compiled on official order under the supervision of Cao Zhenyong 曹振鏞 (1755-1835).

It covers the time from 1820 to 1828. Jahāngīr was a grandson of Burhān ad-Dīn (d. 1759), who had been defeated during the Qianlong reign-period 乾隆 (1736-1795). The reasons for Jahāngīr's "holy war" are to be sought in the mismanagement of the responsible grand minister consultant governing Xinjiang. In 1824 he occupied the cities of Kashgar 喀什噶爾, Yengisar 英吉沙爾, Yerkant 葉爾羌, and Khotan 和闐. The campaigns against the uprising was commanded by Yang Yuchun 楊遇春 (1760-1837) and Cangling 長齡 (1758-1838). Jahāngīr was arrested and executed. The book was officially printed but is only rarely available.

Sources:
Beijing tushuguan chubanshe 北京圖書館出版社 (2010). Qingdai fanglüe quanshu 清代方略全書, Qingdai fanglüe quanshu xu 清代方略全書序.
Gao Wende 高文德, ed. (1995). Zhongguo shaoshu minzu shi da cidian 中國少數民族史大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin jiaoyu chubanshe), 505.
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 919.
Xinjiang baike quanshu bianzuan weiyuanhui 《新疆百科全書》編纂委員會, ed. (2002). Xinjiang baike quanshu 新疆百科全書 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), 91.
Zhou Weizhou 周偉洲, Ding Jingtai 丁景泰, ed. (2006). Sichou zhi lu da cidian 絲綢之路大辭典 (Xi'an: Shaanxi renmin chubanshe), 779.