An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Cao-Wei Dynasty 曹魏 (220-265)

Oct 30, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

The Wei dynasty 魏 (220-265) ruled over one of the Three Kingdoms 三國 (220~280). It was founded by Cao Pi 曹丕 (Emperor Wen 魏文帝, r. 220-226), son of the warlord Cao Cao 曹操 (155-220). The dynasty is also called Cao-Wei 曹魏 in order to avoid confusion with the regional rulers of Wei 魏 of the Zhou period 周 (11th. cent.-221 BC) or the Northern Wei dynasty 北魏 (386-534) that was founded by the Türkish people of the Taɣ​bač (Tuoba 拓跋). The Cao-Wei dynasty ruled over northern China and was traditionally seen as the rightful successor of the Han dynasty 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE).

Cao-Wei Empire 曹魏 (220-265)
Capital: Luoyang 洛陽 (modern Luoyang, Henan)
posthumous title {temple name} personal name reign periods (nianhao 年號)
Prince of Wei 魏王
Wei Wudi 魏武帝 (r. 215-220)
Cao Cao 曹操 --
Wei Wendi 魏文帝 (r. 220-226)
{Wei Gaozu 魏高祖}
Cao Pi 曹丕 Huangchu 黃初 (220-226)
Wei Mingdi 魏明帝 (r. 226-239)
{Wei Liezu 魏烈祖}
Cao Rui 曹叡 Taihe 太和 (227-232)
Qinglong 青龍 (233-236)
Jingchu 景初 (237-239)
Counter-emperor Gongsun Yuan 公孫淵 (237-238)
-----Shaohan 紹漢 (237-238)
Prince of Qi 齊王
The Minor Emperor (Wei Shaodi) 魏少帝 (r. 239-253)
Duke Li of Shaoling 邵陵厲公
Cao Fang 曹芳 Zhengshi 正始 (240-248)
Jiaping 嘉平 (249-253)
Township Duke of Gaogui 高貴鄉公 (r. 254-259) Cao Mao 曹髦 Zhengyuan 正元 (254-255)
Ganlu 甘露 (256-259)
Wei Yuandi 魏元帝 (r. 260-265)
Prince of Chenliu 陳留王
Township Duke of Changdao 常道鄉公
Cao Huan 曹奐 Jingyuan 景元 (260-263)
Xianxi 咸熙 (264-265)
265 Wei dynasty replaced by Jin 晉 (265-420)
Zhonguo lishi da cidian bianzuan weiyuanhui 《中國歷史大辭典》編纂委員會, ed. (2000). Zhongguo lishi da cidian 中國歷史大辭典 (Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe), Vol.2, 3315-3316.